1: Unique Factorization. 2: Applications of Unique Factorization. 3: Congruence. 4: The Structure of U. 5: Quadratic Reciprocity. 6: Quadratic Gauss Sums. 7: Finite Fields. 8: Gauss and Jacobi Sums. 9: Cubic and Biquadratic Reciprocity. 10: Equations over Finite Fields. 11: The Zeta Function. 12: Algebraic Number Theory. 13: Quadratic and Cyclotomic Fields. 14: The Stickelberger Relation and the Eisenstein Reciprocity Law. 15: Bernoulli Numbers. 16: Dirichlet L-functions. 17: Diophantine Equations. 18: Elliptic Curves. 19: The Mordell-Weil Theorem. 20: New Progress in Arithmetic Geometry.
From the reviews of the second edition:
K. Ireland and M. Rosen
A Classical Introduction to Modern Number Theory
"Many mathematicians of this generation have reached the frontiers of research without having a good sense of the history of their subject. In number theory this historical ignorance is being alleviated by a number of fine recent books. This work stands among them as a unique and valuable contribution."
- MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
"This is a great book, one that does exactly what it proposes to do, and does it well. For me, this is the go-to book whenever a student wants to do an advanced independent study project in number theory. ... for a student who wants to get started on the subject and has taken a basic course on elementary number theory and the standard abstract algebra course, this is perfect." (Fernando Q. Gouvea, MathDL, January, 2006)