Map vi Chronology vii Preface x Acknowledgments xxii 1 Introduction: The Big Picture 1 2 Environmental Challenges: Drivers and Trends 33 3 State-led Environmentalism: The View from Above 57 4 Sustainable Development and National Identity 79 5 Public Participation and Civil Society: The View from Below 103 6 Environmental Justice and the Displacement of Environmental Harm 135 7 Prospects for the Future 167 References 182 Index 195
Judith Shapiro is a professor in the School of International Service at American University, Washington DC. She is the author of Mao's War against Nature and the co-author of Son of the Revolution and other books on China. She can be reached through her website, www.judithshapiro.com.
"This revolutionary book could be one of the key environmentaltexts of our age." Times Higher Education "A concise and illuminating book." Financial Times "An excellent textbook, which I would recommend to any readerinterested in a well-written and balanced account of the toll rapideconomic growth has taken on China's environment." The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies "A well researched and balanced book about one of the great issuesof our time." South China Morning Post "This is a well researched book for all students of China studiesand environmental studies...This book should be of interest toscholars, policy makers and activists who are looking for anin-depth analysis of China's environmental challenges." Europe-Asia Studies "Shapiro s extensive experience living and working in Chinahas endowed her with a deep awareness of the country sregional disparities, its ethnic and cultural diversity, and thearray of state and non-state actors with a stake in China senvironmental future. Her highly accessible style, along with thelists of Internet resources and discussion questions included atthe end of each chapter, should make this judicious and thoughtfulbook particularly useful for undergraduate teachingpurposes." H-Net Reviews "An excellent introduction to China s mounting environmentalchallenges and the prospects for change, and is relevant forstudents, young researchers and the general public." China Journal "An exemplary introduction not only to China's ecological crisis,but also to the analytic tools that might help us to understand andapproach it constructively." China Dialogue "A well-written book with an astonishingly captivating authorialvoice. Fascinating, thoughtful and topical." International Affairs "Students new to the topic of China s environmental politicsshould find this book a fascinating introduction. China sEnvironmental Challenges also has much to offer readers who arefamiliar with the subject matter, not least Shapiro spersonal insights and the historical and cultural context in whichshe places current issues." LSE Review of Books "This very accessible, well--written overview is ideallysuited to students of global environmental politics or those withinterests in contemporary China." New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies "An excellent reference for students of international politicsand Chinese studies and a pleasant read for anyone interested inlearning about China's environmental challenges." International Spectator "A very welcome contribution, a valuable source for covering theenvironment in Chinese politics courses, and an up-to-date text forthe political sections of anthropology and geography courses thatcover Chinese environmental problems." China Quarterly "Very well written and carefully researched - an essentialtext for anyone wishing to understand the complexities of not onlyChina s environmental future, but also the realities to thelimits to China s economic growth." Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia "Shapiro writes with great clarity and an underlying sense of moralurgency. Each main chapter concludes with thoughtfuldiscussion questions to prompt further deliberation. Accessible andconcise, China's Environmental Challenges is suitable forundergraduate courses in a wide range of disciplines." Studies on Asia "Shapiro should be applauded for leveraging her unusual sensitivityto and superb knowledge of China's historical and culturalcomplexities to generate a fascinating account of the monumentalenvironmental changes currently under way in that country. Thediscussion questions listed at the end of each chapter shouldfurther increase the value of the book as a main textbook forstudents of environmental politics and contemporary China." Perspectives on Politics "Far and away the best source on what is really going on in China.Using a masterful appreciation of contemporary and traditionalChinese values she seeks to understand the relationship betweenChina's generation-long thrust to build a modern industrial societywith the price it has paid in present and future environmentalchallenge." WAMC Northeast Public Radio "This book is an ideal primer for one of the world's most complexand important challenges. From governance and globalization tonational identity and justice, Shapiro provides a nuanced andcomprehensive introduction to the full range of China'senvironmental problems and frames discussions on how they might besolved." Jonathan Watts, author of When a Billion ChineseJump "China s environmental future will shape the lives ofeveryone on the planet in the years and decades to come. JudithShapiro provides a wonderfully clear, accessible, and insightfulaccount of the environmental toll of China s explosiveeconomic growth. This unique and revealing account will beessential reading for anyone concerned about the environmentalfuture of China, the planet, and its people" Ken Conca, author of Governing Water and editor ofGreen Planet Blues: Four Decades of Global EnvironmentalPolitics "The rise of China s economy is transforming the world.Judith Shapiro s spirited analysis is a riveting journeythrough the environmental politics of China with lessonsand insights that anyone who is striving for a more just andsustainable future urgently needs to know." Peter Dauvergne, University of British Columbia, author ofTimber "From her years spent in China Shapiro brings a sharp analysis ofChina's environmental problems, from the Mao years to the present.As a new green movement emerges, she clearly identifies the immensepolitical and economic challenges it will face. She is cautiouslyhopeful that China could overcome its history, address itsenvironmental problems, and become a leader in green technology.This is essential reading for students, activists and professionalswho are trying to understand what China's future holds, for itscitizens and for us." Gary Marcuse, director of Waking the GreenTiger "Shapiro is one of the world's leading China scholars. In thiscrisply written, balanced, and insightful book, Shapiro explainsthe political, cultural and economic factors that shape China'sability to respond to environmental dangers. Shapiro provides asuperb overview of China's environmental protection efforts thatwill inform policy-makers, students and ordinary citizens for yearsto come. China's Environmental Challenges is thefoundational text many of us have been waiting for." Paul Wapner, author of Living Through the End of Natureand Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics "This is a well researched book for all students of Chinastudies and environmental studies... This book should be ofinterest to scholars, policy makers and activists who are lookingfor an in-depth analysis of China s environmentalchallenges." Kai Chen, Zhejiang University