Part 1 Military reform and revolution, 1901-1911: traditional military forces and 19th-century regionalism; the Manchu military reforms, 1901-1908; the collapse of the Ch'ing dynasty, 1907-1911; the new armies and the 1911 Revolution; the emergence of Yuan Shih-k'ai; military actions at Hankow and Nanking. Part 2 Peiyang army ascendancy, 1911-1919: Yuan Shih-k'ai as president; Yuan Shih-k'ai as emperor; Yunnan and the national protection army; warlordism after the death of Yuan Shih-k'ai; the South and the periphery after 1916; Peking and Peiyang politics after Yuan Shih-k'ai; Chang Hsun restores the Manchu dynasty; Tuan Ch'i-jui in power, 1917-1919; the May 4th Movement. Part 3 High warlordism, 1919-1925: warlordism as a system; the An-Chih war, 1920; South China and Sun Yat-sen, 1920-1922; the first Chih-Feng war, 1922; South China after the first Chih-Feng war; the second Chih-Feng war, 1924; the northern warlords after the second Chih-Feng war. Part 4 The Northern Expedition, 1925-1931: the Chinese Communist Party and the First United Front; Chiang Kai-shek and the Whampoa military clique; the northern warlords on the eve of the Northern Expedition; the Northern Expedition in Hunan and Kiangsi; the Northern Expedition in Fukien and Shanghai; the KMT-CCP split; into north China; the beginnings of CCP rural insurrection; campaigns of encirclement and annihilation, 1930-31; the Mukden Incident. Part 5 Diseases of skin and heart, 1931-1937: Manchukuo and Japanese aggression in China; KMT efforts at military modernization; the final encirclement campaigns and the Long March; the Sian Incident and the drift to war. Part 6 The Sino-Japanese war, 1937-41: Marco Polo Bridge and North China, July-October 1937; Shanghai and Nanking, July-December 1937; Hopei and Shansi, September-November 1937; Shantung and Honan, December 1937 to May 1938; the Wuhan campaign, June-November 1938; Canton-Nanchang-Changsha, April 1938 to October 1939; the Chinese winter offensives, 1939-40; to the second battle of Changsha, 1940-41; collaboration and its failure; the Chinese Communists and the Japanese invasion; the New 4th Army Incident and the KMT-CCP split; the war in the air and the AVG; overall assessment of the Sino-Japanese war, 1937-41. Part 7 China and the Second World War. Part 8 The Chinese civil war, 1945-1949. Conclusion.
'A comprehensive, well-organized survey' English Historical Review ""This will remain the standard guide to Republican wrfare for many years to come.""""Dreyer must be thanked for bringing together all this information in a single book."" "The China quarterly"