PrefaceIntroductionChapter 1. The Importance of Body Size-Size and Function: Lessons From Allometry-Adjusting Physiologic Variables for Body SizeChapter 2. Growth and Exercise-Influence of Growth Factors on Physical Fitness-Effects of Exercise on Growth Chapter 3. The Impact of Puberty-The Process of Puberty-Physiologic and Anatomic Expression of Sexual Maturation-Pubertal Effects on Physical Fitness-Influence of Exercise on Sexual MaturationChapter 4. The Metabolic Machinery-Basic Concepts in Exercise Physiology-Resting ATP Stores-Glycolysis-Aerobic Metabolism-Training Effects-Are Children Metabolic Nonspecialists?Chapter 5. Aerobic Fitness-The Development of VO2max -Ontogenetic Scaling Exponents for VO2max-Is VO2max (or Peak VO2) Really VO2max? Physiology and Semantics-The Meaning of Physiologic Aerobic Fitness-Does VO2max Reflect the Development of Endurance Fitness?-Oxygen Uptake Kinetics-The Relationship Between Aerobic Fitness and Physical Activity-Sex Differences in VO2maxChapter 6. Cardiovascular Responses to Exercise-Relating Cardiac Variables to Body Size-Circulatory Responses to Exercise: The Basics-Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Progressive Exercise-Myocardial Energetics-Heritability of Cardiac Size-Isometric (Static) ExerciseChapter 7. Ventilation Responses-Developmental Changes in Ventilatory Components-Ventilatory Mechanics-Control of Ventilation-Maintaining Normoxemia-Prolonged Steady-State ExerciseChapter 8. Energy Demands of Weight-Bearing Locomotion-The Meaning of Economy: Is Allometry Appropriate?-Stride Frequency-The Cost of Generating Force Hypothesis-Stride Efficiency and Elastic Recoil-Muscular Efficiency -Muscle Co-contraction-Sex Differences in Economy-Uphill and Downhill Running-Implications for Aerobic FitnessChapter 9. Short-Burst Activities and Anaerobic Fitness-Metabolic Anaerobic Fitness-Laboratory Anaerobic Fitness: Wingate Cycle Testing-Short-Burst Fitness in the Field: Sprinting-Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold-Explosive Power: Vertical JumpChapter 10. Muscle Strength-Dimensionality Theory and Allometric Scaling-Development of Muscle Strength-Determinants of Muscle Strength Development -Explaining Qualitative Changes-Muscle DamageChapter 11. Responses to Physical Training-Resistance Training-Trainability of Fitness in Short-Burst Activities-Aerobic TrainabilityChapter 12. Thermoregulation-Maturational Changes-Heat and Exercise Intolerance-Fluid BalanceChapter 13. The Central Nervous System and Physiologic Fitness-The CNS "Governor"-Perception of Exercise Stress-Autonomic Neurological Influences-CNS Control of Physical ActivityGlossaryReferencesIndexAbout the Author
Thomas W. Rowland, M.D., is director of Paediatric Cardiology at the Baystate Medical Centre in Springfield, Massachusetts and author of the popular book, Exercise and Children's Health.