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The Chemical Element


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The Chemical Element: Chemistry's Contribution to Our Global Future CHEMISTRY FOR DEVELOPMENT Chemistry, Innovation and Impact Poverty and Disparities in Life Expectancy The Milennium Development Goals Science, Technology and Development Chemistry and Development Science and Technology for National Development Capacity Building: Some Key Requirements for Chemistry's Role in Development Chemistry and Future Challenges to Health, Wealth and Wellbeing Conclusions THE ROLE OF CHEMISTRY IN ADDRESSING HUNGER AND FOOD SECURITY Chemistry is the Backbone of Food and Nutrition Global Hunger and Malnutrition in the World Today Hunger, Nutrition and the Food Security Mandate Chemistry's Influence on the Pillars of Food Security Conclusion POVERTY Contribution of Chemistry to Social and Econimic Development Concept and Historical Evolution of Poverty Asymmetry of Poverty in the World Causes of Poverty Poverty, Malnutrition and Life Expectancy Strategies against Poverty: A General Approach with Context-Specific Solutions Chemistry is Essential for Poverty Alleviation THE HUMAN ELEMENT: CHEMISTRY EDUCATIONS'S CONTRIBUTION TO OUR GLOBAL FUTURE The International Year of Chemistry Education Challenge Scene 1 - Chemistry to the Rescue of Threatened Communities Sequel to Scene 1 - An Education in Chemistry Equipping the Human Element with Relevant Education in, about and through Chemistry An Example of Integrating Sustainability and Chemistry Education Curriculum: Visualizing the Chemistry Underlying Climate Change Scene 2 - Chemistry Education and Our Global Future THE IMPACTS OF SYNTHETIC CHEMISTRY ON HUMAN HEALTH The Molecules at the Origin of Drug Discoveries From Bench to Market Place General Concepts of Drug Design Patent Protection Issues Drug Metabolism and Drug Resistance or Why Make Big Pills? Antibacterial AGents Antiviral Agents: The Flu Virus Story: The Naissance of a Sugar-Based Flu Drug The Viagra Story - Serendipity Leading to a Blockbuster Drug Human Vaccines as a Prophylactic Health Remedy Conclusion THE GREENING OF CHEMISTRY Introduction Areas of Green Chemistry Metrics in Green Chemistry Conclusions and Future Perspectives WATER: FOUNDATION FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE Introduction Water Pollution and Water Quality Water Treatment Technologies Conclusions FACING THE ENERGY CHALLGENGES THROUGH CHEMISTRY IN A CHANGING WORLD Introduction Chemistry and the Role for Development of Society Chemistry and Sustainable Energy Sustainable Energy Scenarios and Climate Changes Nanomaterials for Sustainable Energy Biofuels Towards Solar Fuels Conclusions OZONE DEPLETION AND CLIMATE CHANGE Introduction Ozone in the Atmosphere The Antarctic Ozone Hole Arctic Ozone Montreal Protocol and Beyond Ozone and Climate Change Perspectives Resources

About the Author

Javier Garcia-Martinez is currently a faculty member and director of the Molecular Nanotechnology Laboratory at the University of Alicante, Spain. He has published extensively in the areas of nanomaterials, catalysis and energy. His latest book entitled "Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge" (Wiley-VCH) provides a comprehensive view of the current status of this field. Javier is also co-founder of Rive Technology Inc (Boston, MA), a clean energy company, commercializing advanced catalyst technology that makes traditional zeolite catalysts more accessible to large hydrocarbon molecules. Javier is also member of the World Economic Forum General and of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). During the International Year of Chemistry, Javier is co-chairing the Global Experiment organized by IUPAC and UNESCO. Elena Serrano-Torregrosa is a Research Fellow at the Molecular Nanotechnology Lab of the University of Alicante (Spain). Elena received her PhD thesis from the University of Basque Country on the nanostructuration of functional materials and carried out her post-doctoral activity in collaboration with Arkema at the National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA) at Lyon. Her current research interests are in the area of new synthetic pathways to prepare heterogeneous catalysts by self-assembly of functional materials and block copolymers. Dr. Serrano-Torregrosa has published twenty seven research articles and written three book chapters. The editors have created a website for their book with additional information. See for details.


"The justification for chemical research - a case often made during this International Year of Chemistry - is usually utilitarian. Of the 'basic' sciences, chemistry is arguably the most applied and potentially useful for 'relieving mankind's estate', as Francis Bacon put it. But this aspect also leaves chemistry uniquely vulnerable to charges of despoliation: it puts plastics in the oceans, endocrine disruptors in the water, ozone destroyers and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. At a simplistic level, both claims are true. Perhaps the hardest task for the public image of chemistry is to convince that, if economic and industrial development are desirable, many chemical problems must have a chemical solution. Not only were the hazards of chlorofluorocarbons revealed largely by atmospheric chemists, but their safe replacements are the fruits of academic and industrial chemical research. Should anyone question that desirability of development in the first place, the chemist's answer is clear: as Stephen Matlin and Berhanu Abegaz explain in their introduction to this volume, most variation in life expectancy between countries is explained by differences in their technological development. Chemistry is central to several of the Millennium goals adopted by the UN in 2000: to eradicate severe hunger, reduce child and maternal mortality, combat disease and achieve environmental sustainability. It's not just the positives, like new medicines, that count: better chemistry can reduce pollution and, one hopes, greenhouse gas emissions. This useful book explores all of these ways in which chemistry might benefit our global future. That case can risk looking like whitewash or propaganda. It's not an accusation that can be levelled at this sober, responsible book; but one can't help noticing that behind the impressive goals and achievements lie political and social questions - how are resources allocated and priorities set, how can ethics coexist with market imperatives - that in the end might determine chemistry's real potential to help or hinder." - Chemistry World, October 2011

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