Chambers's Concise Gazetteer of the World
Excerpt from Chambers's Concise Gazetteer of the World: Topographical, Statistical Historical, Pronouncing The pronunciation has been indicated in all cases where doubt could arise by accent when this suffices, or by re-spelling in full, in the way most likely to be intelligible to the average reader; although it must be remembered that in many cases the pronunciation can only be approximately suggested in English spelling. The gin the re-spellings is always hard, as in get; ay or a is the English a in fate; I is the sound in mine; ow is always the sound in how, now; uh is the obscure sound between eh and ah; here represents the guttural ch of German and Scotch words; and recourse had sometimes to be had to 6 to represent the German 6 and the French oeu, and to will to indicate the German ii and the ordinary French u.Many readers will be glad to know that the instinctive English way of accenting Altona, Potomac, Potosi, and Cordilleras is not that customary in those parts; that English people do not pronounce Godmanchester, Belvoir, or Hughenden as the spelling suggests; that Scotsmen do not defer to Southron expectations in such names as Culloden and Oban, Kirkcudbright and Milngavie; that the Welsh do not say Merioneth, and that Amlwch is easier to utter than it looks at first sight; that British sailors who have been on the spot are not safe guides for the true pronunciation of names like Callao and Iquique, Monte Video and Buenos Ayres, Setubal and Santander. In this revised reissue facts, figures, and statistics have as far as possible been brought down to the early years of the new century; many articles have been entirely rewritten, and hundreds have been inserted for the first time. Since the first issue Rhodesia and Nigeria have changed beyond recognition; the Commonwealth of Australia has been constituted; Canada has made unparalleled progress; British South Africa has gone through more than one crisis; Indian provinces have been reconstituted, divided, renamed; the republic of the United States has increased vastly in population and wealth at home, and entered on a significant policy of expansion abroad; the sister kingdoms of Norway and Sweden no longer live under the same roof; Spain has lost its colonies, and Panama become a nation; Port Arthur and Dalny, Korea and Manchuria, Russia and Japan, have made history; Vesuvius has been in disastrous eruption, and San Francisco been destroyed. These are but instances of thousands of new landmarks of the worlds progress and of the changes time brings with it. In the revision of this work a strenuous effort has been made to take account of all new developments and to make the Gazetteer a still more valuable companion to the general reader. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.