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The Art of Critical Reading
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Mather/McCarthy The Art of Critical Reading 4/e CONTENTS Preface AcknowledgmentsPart 1 LIFE IN COLLEGE AND BEYOND Introduction: Applying Creative and Critical Thinking

Introductory Puzzle

Becoming a Successful Student

Study Technique 1: Scanning

SELECTION: "Creativity," excerpt from Psychology by John Santrock

Brain Teasers

Study Technique 2: Skimming

SELECTION: "Don't Fool Yourself: Avoiding Everyday Problems in Critical Thinking," excerpt from Power Learning by Robert S. Feldman

Study Technique 3: SQ3R Study Method

Computer and Internet Skills

SELECTION: "Analyzing Internet Sites," excerpt from Public Speaking for College and Career by Hamilton Gregory

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 1 Developing a College-Level Vocabulary

Practice with Vocabulary Words in Context

Practice with Word Structure: Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes

Practice Using a Thesaurus

SELECTION: Excerpt from Commencement Address by Marian Wright Edelman

SELECTION: "Restoration," excerpt from Living with Art by Mark Getlein

Brain Teasers

Part 2 DISCOVERING MEANING THROUGH STRUCTURE CHAPTER 2 Topics, Main Ideas, and Details

Identifying Topics, Main Ideas, and Details

SELECTION: "Black Men and Public Space" by Brent Staples

REVIEW TEST: Main Ideas and Details in Textbook Material

Paraphrasing

Formulating Implied Main Ideas

SELECTION: "Colonial Almanacs," excerpt from American History by Alan Brinkley

SELECTION: "Advertising and the Media," excerpt from Think by Judith A. Boss

SELECTION: "Public Art," excerpt from Living with Art by Mark Getlein

Summarizing

Study Technique 4: Summarizing Short Articles

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 3 Organizing Textbook Information and Interpreting Visual Aids

Doing What Successful Students D

Study Technique 5: Underlining, Highlighting, Annotating

SELECTION: "Stress: The Constant Challenge," excerpt from Core Concepts in Health by Paul M. Insel and Walton T. Roth 105

SELECTION: "Categorizing Stressors," excerpt from Essentials of Understanding Psychology by Robert S. Feldman

Study Technique 6: Outlining

Study Technique 7: Mapping

Study Technique 8: Comparison-Contrast Chart

SELECTION: "At Wit's End," excerpt from Essentials of Understanding Psychology by Robert S. Feldman

Visual Aids: How to Use and Interpret Tables, Diagrams, Charts, and Graphs

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 4 The Author's Purpose and the Rhetorical Modes

Determining the Author's Purpose

An Introduction to the Rhetorical Modes

Expository Writing with Purpose to Inform

SELECTION: "Sibling Relationships and Birth Order," by John Santroc

Narrative Writing with Purpose to Entertain

SELECTION: "The Country Mouse and the Town Mouse" by Aesop

Persuasive Writing with Purpose to Persuade

SELECTION: "What Can Individuals Do?" by William P. Cunningham

Descriptive Writing with Purpose to Inform

SELECTION: "A Son's Memoir" by John Daniel

REVIEW TEST: Context Clue Practice Using Textbook Material

Identifying Mode and Author's Purpose

SELECTION: "Vincenzo Perugia," excerpt from Gilbert's Living with Art by Mark Getlein

MASTERY TEST: Vincenzo Perugia

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 5 Transition Words and Patterns of Organization

Transition Words

Some Common Patterns of Organization

Study Technique 9: Time Lines

REVIEW TEST: Identifying Patterns of Organization and Main Ideas in Textbook Material

Additional Transition Words

SELECTION: "School Cheating Scandal Tests a Town's Values" by Jodi Wilgoren

Study Technique 10: Summarizing Longer Articles

SELECTION: "The Milgram Experiment," excerpt from Sociology by Richard T. Schaefer

SELECTION: "Facing One's Own Death," excerpt from Essentials of Life-Span Development by John W. Santrock

Brain Teasers

Part 3 INTERPRETING WHAT WE READCHAPTER 6 Inference

Introduction to Inference Skills

Drawing Inferences from Different Kinds of Material

SELECTION: "Barney" by Will Stanton

SELECTION: "The Laughter of Rats," excerpt from Animal Wise by Virginia Morell

SELECTION: "The Life and Death of a Western Gladiator" by Charles Finney

SELECTION: "Deciding Whom to Marry," excerpt from Sociology by Craig Calhoun

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 7 Figurative Language

Figures of Speech

Imagery

SELECTION: Excerpt from L is for Lawless by Sue Grafton

SELECTION: "When Leaves Turn Color in the Fall," excerpt from A Natural History of the Senses by Diane Ackerman

The Use of Symbols

SELECTION: "Book of Dreams," excerpt from Farmworker's Daughter-Growing Up Mexican in America by Rose Castillo Guilbault

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 8 Tone

Tone

SELECTION: "A Wake Up Call," excerpt from Lucky Man by Michael J. Fox

Irony and Satire

SELECTION: "Waiting in Life's Long Lines," by Tom Mather

SELECTION: "The Lottery," by Art Buchwald

SELECTION: Excerpt from Dave Barry Is Not Taking This Sitting Down by Dave Barry

SELECTION: "Accident and Aftermath," excerpt from Frida by Hayden Herrera

MASTERY TEST: Frida-Accident and Aftermath

Brain Teasers

Part 4 READING CRITICALLYCHAPTER 9 Fact and Opinion

Introduction to Fact and Opinion

SELECTION: "Astrology," excerpt from Consumer Health by Stephen Barrett et al.

SELECTION: "Bug Heads, Rat Hairs-Bon Appetit!" by Mary Roach &n bsp;

SELECTION: "The Facts: Nutrition Quackery," by Charles Corbin et al.

REVIEW TEST: Fact and Opinion 332

SELECTION: "Introduction," excerpt from Food Rules by Michael Pollan

SELECTION: "The Nature of Public Opinion," excerpt from American Democracy by Thomas Patterson

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 10 Point of View

Introduction to Point of View

SELECTION: "Popular Mechanics" by Raymond Carver

SELECTION: "The Lady or the Tiger?" by Frank R. Stockton

Multiple Points of View: The Vietnam War Memorial

SELECTION: "The Vietnam Wall" by Alberto Rios

SELECTION: "Vincent Van Gogh," excerpt from Living with Art by Mark Getlein

SELECTION: "The Cave of Lascaux," excerpt from Images of the Past by T. Douglas Price and Gary M. Feinman

MASTERY TEST: Prehistoric Art

An Introduction to Propaganda Techniques

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 11 Bias

Introduction to Bias

SELECTION: Excerpt from Somebody's Baby by Barbara Kingsolver

SELECTION: "Adults Only," excerpt from Chevrolet Summers, Dairy Queen Nights by Bob Greene

REVIEW TEST: Vocabulary in Context, Tone, Fact and Opinion, Bias

SELECTION: "Seven Forms of Bias," excerpt from Teachers, Schools, and Society by Myra and David Sadker

SELECTION: "Mirror, Mirror on the Wall," excerpt from Understanding Your Health by Wayne A. Payne et al.

SELECTION: "Media Literacy: Portrayals of Sex, Love, and Romance in the Mass Media" by Dr. Mary-Lou Galician

An Introduction to Logical Fallacies

SELECTION: "Clothing and Fashions in the Revolutionary Times," excerpt from Nation of Nations by James West Davidson

Brain Teasers

CHAPTER 12 Analyzing and Evaluating Arguments

An Introduction to Argument

Analyzing Arguments

Evaluating Arguments

SELECTION: "I Buy, Therefore I'm Happy," by Christine Gross-Loh

SELECTION: "Dreaming of Disconnecting a Respirator" by Elissa Ely

REVIEW TEST: Transition Words

SELECTION: "Whose Grave Is This Anyway?" excerpt from Gilbert's Living with Art by Mark Getlein

MASTERY TEST: Whose Grave Is This Anyway?

Brain Teasers

SELECTION: "Don't Believe Everything You See Or Hear on the News," excerpt from Environmental Science by William P. Cunningham

Introduction to Deductive and Inductive Reasoning

SELECTION: "The Declaration of Independence" by Thomas Jefferson

SELECTION: "The Bill of Rights"

Brain Teasers

Part 5 VOCABULARY UNITS

Vocabulary Unit 1: Homonyms and Other Confusing Words

Vocabulary Unit 2: More Homonyms and Other Confusing Words

Vocabulary Unit 3: Number Prefixes

Brain Teasers

Vocabulary Unit 4: Word Parts Featuring Polar Opposites

Vocabulary Unit 5: Word Parts Featuring Direction and Motion

Vocabulary Unit 6: Word Parts Featuring "Blood" Relations

Vocabulary Unit 7: Word Parts Featuring Politics and Religion

Vocabulary Unit 8: Word Parts Featuring Study, Feeling, and Faith

Vocabulary Unit 9: Word Parts Featuring War, and Good and Bad

Vocabulary Unit 10: Word Parts Featuring Water, Air, and Life

Vocabulary Word Parts

Brain Teasers

APPENDIX TEST-TAKING TIPSSAMPLE SUMMARY Credits Index Index of Artists and Art Works

About the Author

Dr. Mather earned his B.A. in Government from the University of the Redlands, his M.A. in African Studies from the University of California, Los Angeles, his M.A. in Reading from California State Univeristy, Los Angeles, and his Ed.D. in Curriculum and Instruction from the University of Southern California. He has taught reading at the secondary, adult-education, and community-college levels for over twenty years. He has published articles in the Journal of Reading. Ms. McCarthy earned a B.A. in Sociology and History from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.A. in Education from Arizona State University. She has taught at the elememtary, secondary, adult-education, and community-college levels for over twenty years. For the past ten years, she has taught developmental reading and E.S.L. classes at Glendale Community College. Ms. McCarthy has published articles in professional journals and other media on the use of bibliotherapy. She has also published reading lists for beginning and remedial readers and is a reading specialist.

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