C O N T E N T S A Note on Quotations vii Foreword by Harvey V. Fineberg ix Preface xiii CHAPTER 1 THE PARADOX 1 CHAPTER 2 HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES 21 CHAPTER 3 FRONT-LINE INSIGHTS 49 CHAPTER 4 LEARNING FROM ABROAD 81 CHAPTER 5 HOME-GROWN INNOVATIONS 121 CHAPTER 6 AN AMERICAN WAY FORWARD 151 CHAPTER 7 CONTINUING THE DISCOURSE 181 Appendix A: Interviewees 199 Appendix B: Social Values in Scandinavia and the United States: Similarities and Differences 203 Appendix C: Accountable Care Organization (ACO) Performance Measures, 2012 209 Notes 213 Index 237
Elizabeth H. Bradley is professor of public health at Yale University, faculty director of its Global Health Leadership Institute, and master at Branford College. The recipient of a Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation grant, she was previously director of the health management program and co-director of the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program at Yale and served as hospital administrator at Massachusetts General Hospital. She lives in New Haven, Connecticut.Lauren A. Taylor studies public health and medical ethics at Harvard Divinity School, where she is a presidential scholar. She was formerly a program manager at the Yale Global Health Leadership Institute, where she led a research team in building a model for scaling up public health innovations for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. She completed a master's in public health at Yale University in 2009. She lives in Boston, Massachusetts.
"Bradley and Taylor have identified social services as the unnamed
culprit behind high health care costs and poor outcomes.
Highlighting the non-medical determinants of patients' health may
not only make physicians' jobs easier but also prove to be a
prudent strategy for payers. This book offers an important reality
check about what actually creates health in the United States."
William Gillespie, MD, Chief Medical Officer of Emblem Health,
and president of AdvantageCare Physicians
"The American Health Care Paradox has enough intellectual heft to bring an opera house to its feet. Drawing on data from dozens of international and domestic site visits, wide-ranging scholarly studies and in-depth interviews with patients, practitioners, health care administrators and social service staff from all over the world, the authors tackle the unenviable task of explaining why we think of health care the way we do--to the near total exclusion of social services. And they manage to do it with astonishing clarity, conciseness and narrative ease." Pauline Chen, the New York Times
"An important attempt to shift the discussion on health in the United States" Kirkus
"Their argument has intuitive appeal [and] is made more attractive by their clear prose and by their many helpful descriptions and historical explanations of US health care policy." Arnold Relman, New York Review of Books
Admirably presented as an apolitical examination of an urgent situation, Bradley and Taylor's carefully researched and lucidly reported findings offer what appears to be an easily rendered fix, but their equally striking depiction of uniquely American hostility to government involvement in private matters, exposes a daunting uphill battle." Publishers Weekly
"It seems like there are daily stories of skyrocketing medical costs here in the US coupled with our bad health outcomes compared with other developed countries. This book argues compellingly that we may have been looking for solutions in the wrong places. We won't find the answers by changing medical payments or improving quality of care as important, as those are. But rather that health begins, is nurtured, protected and preserved in our families and neighborhoods where people live, learn, work and play. The authors find that supporting families and children in ways that make their houses, neighborhoods and schools secure and enjoyable pays off in health in concrete and measurable ways. It is time we started to get serious about building a culture of health and making it easier for people to live that kind of life than merely paying the costs to repair the damages from injury and disease." James S. Marks, MD, MPH, president and director of Health Group at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
"If we're so rich, why aren't we healthier? I'd wondered about that for years, always assuming it was a medical question with a medical answer. I now know the answer lies not in what happens in our hospitals but what happens (or fails to happen) in our social services. This compelling, groundbreaking, and utterly persuasive book has opened my eyes." Anne Fadiman, author of The Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down
"This book provides new insight on why it is the United States' is spending so much on medicine without seeing commensurate health outcomes. Bradley and Taylor provide a clear account of life in the chasm between health and social services, where so much of our health care investment is lost, and put forth concrete ideas on how we can do better." Dr. Paul Farmer, MD, PhD, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Partners In Health, and author of To Repair the World and Haiti After the Earthquake