Introduction. Metallurgy of Common Piping. Commonly Used Piping Materials. Materials for Valves and Fittings. Methods of Pipe Manufacture. Sizes, Schedules, and Standards. Flange Types and Materials. Pipe Fittings. Hand Tools in Piping. Cutting, Threading, and Welding Pipes. Bolts and Studs. Gaskets. Opening Lines. Bolting-Up. Binding and Normalizing Lines. Process Valves. Control Valves. Relief Valves. Rupture Discs. Strainers. Steam Traps. Flow Measurement. Stress Analysis. Expansion Joints. Expansion Loops. Pipe Supports. Corrosion. Miscellaneous Practices. Insulation. Pipe Layout. Testing of Equipment. Emergency Repairs. Inspection. Pipeline Rigging. Flexible Hoses. More Information.