Introduction; Part I. Of Gates and Keepers in the International System: 1. Outsiders and insiders in the international system; 2. States as outsiders; Part II. An Imperial Message: 3. The 'barbarians': Turkey (1918-39); 4. The 'children': Japan (1945-72); 5. The 'enigma': Russia (1990-2007); 6. Conclusion: 'Zealots or Herodians'?
This book demonstrates how a sense of stigma has shaped the foreign policies of states torn between the East and the West.
Ayse Zarakol is an Assistant Professor of Politics at Washington and Lee University. She teaches courses on global politics, international security and political theory, and her research focuses on the social evolution of the international system and the integration of regions outside of the West into the modern international order.
'A highly sophisticated and impressive book that provides an important contribution to the role of identity in IR. By focussing on three key 'interstitial' states - Japan, Russia and Turkey - which have been located on the 'inferior' side of the 'established-outsider' organising principle of international society, Ayse Zarakol advances a novel understanding of IR that goes beyond extant constructivist and English School theories.' John M. Hobson, University of Sheffield
"After Defeat explains that-in the wake of massive, historic international defeat-Turkey, Japan and Russia adopted foreign policies to respond to the idea that they were somehow inadequate and less than the West. ..After Defeathits high notes with its unusual comparisons, elegant analysis and trenchant rethinking of international relations approaches. As such, After Defeat will appeal to foreign policy generalists, policymakers, international relations scholars as well as sociologists and political theorists." - George Gavrilis, The Hollings Center