Arthur Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 - 7 July 1930) was a Scottish physician and writer, most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction. He was a prolific writer whose other works include science fiction stories, historical novels, plays and romances, poetry, and non-fiction. Michael A. Cramer, PhD, is a writer, an actor, and a filmmaker, who teaches communications at City College of New York and at Borough of Manhattan Community College. He is the author of A Confederacy of Whores: Media and Politics in George W. Bush's America and Medieval Fantasy as Performance: The Society for Creative Anachronism and the Current Middle Ages, as well as numerous articles, short stories, screenplays and chap-books. He lives in Brooklyn, New York.