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In his bestselling book 1421:The Year China Discovered the World, Gavin Menzies revealed that it was the Chinese that discovered America, not Columbus. Now he presents further astonishing evidence that it was also Chinese advances in science, art, and technology that formed the basis of the European Renaissance and our modern world. In his bestselling book 1421: The Year China Discovered the World, Gavin Menzies presented controversial and compelling evidence that Chinese fleets beat Columbus, Cook and Magellan to the New World. But his research has led him to astonishing new discoveries that Chinese influence on Western culture didn't stop there. Until now, scholars have considered that the Italian Renaissance - the basis of our modern Western world - came about as a result of a re-examining the ideas of classical Greece and Rome. However, a stunning reappraisal of history is about to be published. Gavin Menzies makes the startling argument that a sophisticated Chinese delegation visited Italy in 1434, sparked the Renaissance, and forever changed the course of Western civilization. After that date the authority of Aristotle and Ptolemy was overturned and artistic conventions challenged, as was Arabic astronomy and cartography. Florence and Venice of the 15th century attracted traders from across the world. Menzies presents astonishing evidence that a large Chinese fleet, official ambassadors of the Emperor, arrived in Tuscany in 1434 where they met with Pope Eugenius IV in Florence. A mass of information was offered by the Chinese delegation to the Pope and his entourage - concerning world maps (which Menzies argues were later given to Columbus), astronomy, mathematics, art, printing, architecture, steel manufacture, civil engineering, military machines, surveying, cartography, genetics, and more. It was this gift of knowledge that sparked the inventiveness of the Renaissance - Da Vinci's inventions, the Copernican revolution, Galileo, etc. Following 1434, Europeans embraced Chinese intellectual ideas, discoveries, and inventions, which formed the basis of European civilization just as much as Greek thought and Roman law. In short, China provided the spark that set the Renaissance ablaze. Key title / 1434 is the follow-up to a bestselling phenomenon.1421 was was an international bestseller, spending 5 weeks on the New York Times bestseller list, and a number of months in the top ten on the Sunday Times besteller list. In Australia, it was the biggest selling history book ever. It has sold over 365,000 copies in the UK (and 275,000 copies in the US) and continues to backlist strongly. /Menzies' challenging claims have sparked tremendous debate across the world. There are entire networks of websites dedicated to proving/disproving his work. Highly charismatic and promotable, Menzie and his latest ideas should attract significant publicity. / Menzies' 1434 world lecture tour will revisit the Royal Geographical Society, Oxford and key UK universities, Institution of Civil Engineers, Maritime museums, to name a few. / 1421 and 1434 will both be part of Key Stage 3 history programme for 11-14 yr olds in Sept 08, based around question - Did the Chinese discover the world in the 1400s? / The 2008 Summer Olympics will be held in Beijing and will draw new attention to Chinese history.
The author of 1421: The Year China Discovered America, Gavin Menzies was born in 1937 and lived in China for two years before the Second World War. He joined the Royal Navy in 1953 and served in submarines from 1959 to 1970. Since leaving the Royal Navy, he has returned to China and the Far East many times and in the course of researching his previous book 1421 he has visited 120 countries, over 900 museums and libraries and every major sea port of the late Middle Ages. Menzies is married with two daughters and lives in North London.